Gerrymandering debate essay
Assume that by virtue of its population, the region is entitled to three legislators, and hence the region must be divided into three legislative districts. In 2006, however, the Supreme Court ruled (in League of United Latin American Citizens. In proportional voting systems, the fact that 22/36 of the voters support party A would gerrymandering debate essay mean that party A would get that proportion22/36of the representation. Apart from the positive effects of gerrymandering, there are a number of negative effects associated with partisan gerrymandering. Such agencies are often prohibited from considering any demographic data other than population headcount. That is, incumbents of both parties might support a redistricting scheme that makes all incumbents more likely to win reelection. Figure 2, party B Wins Two out of Three Districts. Thus, whoever gets to draw the lines can maximize partisan advantage. Incumbent gerrymandering involves the redrawing of boundaries in a bipartisan manner that is aimed at benefiting the incumbents on both sides of the aisle (Snider 2012). Figure 3, party A Wins Two out of Three Districts.
Gerrymandering Essay Essays on Controversial Topics
This process results in more competitive districts when compared to the non competitive districts and this in turn ambiguously affects polarization. Several mathematical procedures exist for neutrally drawing district linesfor example, the shortest split-line algorithm. If the district lines are drawn as in Figure 2, then party B will win two out of the three districts (because it has a majority of the votes in each of the two lower districts. This essay will argue that politicians are manipulators, as evidenced by the gerrymandering of voting districts to improve odds of maintaining power, and opposition attempts to counteract this electoral show more content, referred to as packing and cracking, these. On the other hand, if the district lines are drawn as in Figure 3, then party A will win two out of the three districts (the top two districts). By doing this, those who support the minority parties are packed into the remaining few districts. But, on further review of the subject matter I realized how important this practice is to study, and how it can be used for both good and evil concepts in the political scheme of things. Excessive partisan gerrymandering is the violation of the equal protection clause since it consigns the. Gerrymandering has worked so well for so many politicians that the New York Public Interest Research Group reports that in 2008 more than half of the states 212 legislators were re-elected with more than 80 percent of their districts votes. Gerrymandering, I thought perhaps it would be too far-fetched when it came to the Rubric designed in a women studies class. Figure 4, party AWins All Three Districts, different district lines yield different political outcomes because, under winner-take-all voting, a party wins a district whether it has a large majority (with many wasted votes) or a narrow majority. Tanner has proposed a bill which would limit the drawing of congressional boundaries to once per decennial census period, and require the approval of a new district boundary by an independent gerrymandering debate essay commission.
Always on-time, plagiarism-Free 100 Confidentiality, fREE inquiry, order NOW. The idea behind this was. New York: Cambridge University Press. Show More, gerrymandering, the term gerrymandering refers to the practice of altering voting districts in order to achieve electoral results favorable to one person or party, usually the incumbent politician or party creating the new voting regions.1 This. The most absurd district in the nation is the district of Illinois #4.
886 Words Mar 4th, 2014 4 Pages. In a New York Times article chronicling gerrymandering in New York State, the author decries: This process. Although the Court barred redrawing district lines so as to obtain excessive partisan advantage, it failed to offer a standard for determining whether a partisan gerrymander is excessive, and it has even allowed patently partisan line drawing to stand. This only serves to subvert the will of gerrymandering debate essay the people since it denies them the amount of voting power that they are entitled show more content. The resulting districts are normally referred to as gerrymanders and they are composed of pro-incumbents and partisans. This leads it into creating as many districts as possible where it constitutes the majority. So by arranging for ones own party to win its districts as narrowly as possible and for ones opponents to win their districts with as many wasted votes as possible, one can maximize the number of districts won. Redistricting Principles and Incumbency Protection in the.S. For example, if representatives from party A and party B have been elected from two adjoining districts, each district having voter sentiment divided approximately 50-50 between the two parties, the district lines could be redrawn so that each has a comfortable. The gerrymandering process allows the majority party within a given state to maximize the number of seats it can win in the future elections. Elbridge Gerrys Salamander: The Electoral Consequences of the Reapportionment Revolution. Forgette, Richard and Glenn Platt.
Gerrymandering Essay Political Science Essay Examples
Consider the hypothetical region shown in Figure 1, with supporters of party A indicated by the light squares and supporters of party B by the dark squares. In practice, however, districts have been permitted in all sorts of bizarre shapes. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services. Gerrymandering need not always be done for partisan advantage; sometimes it is used for the bipartisan advantage of incumbents. Rather than have one district elect a Republican, these votes are negated by the Democratic votes in both districts, and two Democrats are elected. Political Geography 24(8 934-51. See also: order high quality custom paper.
Republicans often support such racial gerrymandering, with the gerrymandering debate essay hope that concentrating minority voters (who tend to vote Democratic) will reduce the number of Democratic legislators statewide. In some cases these agencies have the last word; in others the state legislature can amend the commissions plan within specified limits. Partisan gerrymandering involves the redrawing of political lines in order to favor a given political party. Thus, gerrymandering was once a decennial concern. They have two halves held together by a thin strip of land at its western edge that is a median strip along Interstate Hwy 294. Once discretion is allowed, the opportunity exists for manipulation to suit partisan interest. This example Gerrymandering Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only. Perry) that there was nothing to prevent a state legislature, when its political control switched from one party to another, from engaging in mid-decade redistricting to change districts drawn earlier in conformity with the census. It also produces greater homogeneity within the districts while reducing competition for the house seats. This proves problematic as certain groups, such as members of racial or ethnic minorities, have been disproportionately undercounted by the Federal Census, either by voter registration ineffectiveness or the migratory nature of the poor in attempt to find work.
Supreme Court ruled that boundary drawing must result in compact districts of contiguous territory with roughly equal population. Gerrymandering is a form of boundary redistricting, in which the boundaries of an electoral district or constituency are modified for electoral purposes, often producing a contorted or unusual shape. In Canada and Britain, independent commissions draw the electoral boundaries. The combination of these two gerrymandering options allows incumbent politicians to significantly improve their reelection bids. 1064 Words Feb 3rd, 2014 5 Pages. In 57 districts, the incumbents. Figure 1, region With Supporters of Party A (Light Squares) and Party B (Dark Squares). This leads to Racially Polarized Voting, which creates circumstances in which the voting preferences of a racial or ethnic group consistently vary from those of other racial or ethnic groups, particularly when the different voting rpreferences are. And if they are drawn as in Figure 4, then party A will carry all three districts. Gerrymandering is the practice of drawing political boundariesespecially the boundaries of legislative districtsin such a way as to obtain political advantage. The resulting district is known as a Gerrymander. But in a winner-take-all voting system (as in the United States the region must be divided into a fixed number of single-winner districts. Get discount 10 for the first order.
The term derives from the claim of critics that a legislative district drawn by supporters of Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry in 1812 was shaped like a salamander, or Gerry-mander. Gerrymandering is used as a potential way to achieve desired electoral results for a particular party, or may be used to show more content, by placing high percentages of members of a racial or ethnic minority group. There are a number of objectives of gerrymandering. Some states created legislative districts where a majority of voters are members of a racial or ethnic minority (so-called majority-minority districts) to ensure that some legislators will be minorities. In a few states, a nonpartisan or bipartisan agencysuch as Iowas Legislative Service Bureau, the Washington State Redistricting Commission, and the Arizona Independent Redistricting Commissionis responsible for drawing the lines. Gerrymandering, when I thought of the topic. Some Supreme Court justices urge that a standard of excessive partisanship be developed; others believe that no such standard can be constructed. M offers reliable custom essay writing services that can help you to receive high grades and impress your professors with the quality of each essay or research paper you hand. Before delving into the reasons for eliminating gerrymandering, it is first necessary to establish a definition of gerrymandering. This example, gerrymandering Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services.
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Dont get stuck on this step! Problems are recognized as characteristic of such work. Skip to common links. Argumentative essays are usually longer in length, ranging from as little as five paragraphs to as many as necessary. African Americans are also represented in the genres of science fiction, fantasy and horror, with Samuel. Your hook is a first sentence that draws the reader. While the majority of your essay should be kept to your own argument, you'll bullet-proof your case if you can see and disprove the arguments against you.
The Daily Show With Jon Stewart, 3 as well as in an interview with a representative of the publisher, Princeton University Press. Raritan Quarterly Review journal in 1986. Consider opposing viewpoints when thinking about your essay. Vote Nonprofit Alderman- city council members Ordinance-Law City Council Consolidation Eminent Domain- the right of government to seize private property for public use, in exchange for payment of fair market value Redistricting. That sounds like the makings of a debate, so let s have.
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Practice Your Editing and Revising If youre concerned your skills arent up to snuff for your own essay, consider editing a couple of example essays first. Gerrymandering, the term gerrymandering refers to the practice of altering voting districts in order to achieve electoral results favorable to one person or party, usually the incumbent politician or party creating the new voting regions.1 This term, dating. 2 Read through your draft. Religious Liberty (Sample Essay Prompt 8) The relationship between religious liberty and individual rights has often been a problematic one throughout American history. Others contend that the federal government is too large and is unresponsive to the particular needs of states and cities; they would like to see local government overtake many of the responsibilities now delegated to the federal government. 12 Research, if necessary. You may find it helpful to ask a trusted friend or classmate to look at your essay.
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