Main Page Sitemap

Arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide

arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide

XXI (Spanish) (as Author) Los Raros Obras Completas Vol. (English) arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide (as Translator) Duffle, Thomas See: Galt, John, Duffus Hardy, Lady See: Hardy, Duffus, Lady, 1825?-1891 Dufour, Pierre See: Jacob,. 03 (of 10) Filarete and Simone to Mantegna (English) (as Translator) Lives of the Most Eminent Painters Sculptors and Architects, Vol. 29 Julius Bahnsen would reshape the understanding of pessimism overall, 30 while Philipp Mainländer set out to reinterpret and elucidate the nature of the will, by presenting it as a self-mortifying will-to-death. 04 (of 10) Filippino Lippi to Domenico Puligo (English) (as Translator) Lives of the Most Eminent Painters Sculptors and Architects, Vol. (English) (as Translator) De Vere,. Spengler believed modern western civilization was in the 'winter' age of decline ( untergang ).

Arthur Schopenhauer - Wikipedia

Throughout, Hegel is dealing with pure essentialities, with spirit thinking its own essence; and these are linked together in a dialectical process that advances from abstract to concrete. His notes were subjected to perpetual revisions and additions. (2nd edition) (English) (as Author) The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection Or, the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, 6th Edition (English) (as Author) The Power of Movement in Plants (English). The style was no less irregular: sometimes in plain narrative the lecturer would be specially awkward, while in abstruse passages he seemed especially at home, rose into a natural eloquence, and carried away the hearer by the grandeur of his diction. A Tale of the Millennium (English) (as Translator) The Iron Arrow Head or The Buckler Maiden: A Tale of the Northman Invasion (English) (as Translator) The Iron Pincers; or, Mylio and Karvel: A Tale of the Albigensian Crusades (English). (English) (as Author) Shakspeare and His Times Vol. Viii (Spanish) (as Author) Lira Pstuma Obras Completas Vol. "Trip to the Sunny South" in March, 1885 Paris, Macon, Geneva, Mentone, San Remo, Monte Carlo, Monaco, Italy, Genoa, Turin, Leghorn, Pisa, Naples, Rome, Reggio, Sicily, Messina, Catania, Syracuse, Malta, Gibraltar (English) (as Author) Do Barreiro, Alvaro Velho See: Velho. At this time Hegel published his first great work, the Phänomenologie des Geistes (1807; The Phenomenology of Mind ). 27 28 The transcendental idealist thesis is that we know only the appearances of things (not things-in-themselves the transcendental realist thesis is that "the knowledge we have of how things appear to us in experience gives us knowledge of things-in-themselves." 29 By arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide espousing. 5, July 1878,. Poets like William Wordsworth and William Blake believed that industrialization was polluting the purity of nature. P.) and Company See:.P.

All of this, expressed in religious phraseology, is contained in the manuscripts written toward the end of Hegels stay in Frankfurt. The Philosophy of Right (or The Philosophy of Law ) falls into three main divisions. in this situation a pessimist is said to see the glass as half empty, while an optimist is said to see the glass as half full. De De Ziga, Joaqun Martnez See: Martnez de Ziga, Joaqun, De Zurara, Gomes Eanes See: Zurara, Gomes Eannes de, 1410?-1474? A companion for life" for "those who wish to prosper in the great world." 14 Schopenhauer's pessimistic outlook was influenced by Gracián, and he translated Gracián's The Pocket Oracle and Art of Prudence into German. He pointed to motivators such as hunger, thirst and sexuality as the fundamental features of the Will in action, which are always by nature unsatisfactory. De (Jean Lévesque De Burton, Mara Amparo Ruiz See: Ruiz de Burton, Mara Amparo, De Bury, Richard Girard See: Bury, Richard Girard de, 1730?-1794? Containing the lives of Captain Misson, Captain Bowen, Captain Kidd, Captain Tew, Captain Halsey, Captain White, Captain Condent, Captain Bellamy, arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide Captain Fly, Captain Howard, Captain Lewis, Captain Cornelius, Captain Williams, Captain Burgess, Captain North, and their several crews (English). Dramatized from Charles Dickens' Celebrated Christmas Story. 56 57 :545 Among other matters, the entropy pessimism position is concerned with the existential impossibility of allocating earth's finite stock of mineral resources evenly among an unknown number of present and future generations. At these Hegel became a frequent and appreciative visitor, and he made extracts from the art notes in the newspapers.

Browse By Author: S - Project Gutenberg

"Socrates, with predecessors and followers: Hegesias (subsection of Aristippus. The common idea that Hegels is a philosophy of exceptional difficulty is quite mistaken. (English) (as Illustrator) Viviane (French) (as Illustrator) Doren, Alice. Cicero, Tusculanae Quaestiones. Beck, AT; Steer, RA; Kovacs, M (1985 "Hopelessness and eventual suicide: a 10-year prospective study of patients hospitalized with suicidal ideation American Journal of Psychiatry, 142 (5 559563, CiteSeerX.6328, doi :.1176/ajp.142.5.559, pmid Beck, AT; Weissman, A; Lester. Like later pessimists, Hegesias argued that lasting happiness is impossible to achieve and that all we can do is to try to avoid pain as much as possible. He had already learned arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide the elements. Nietzsche saw Anaximander's philosophy as the "enigmatic proclamation of a true pessimist".

Da Câmara, Joo, see: Câmara, Joo da, da Conceiço Velloso, José Mariano. II, 1822 to 1825 (English) (as Author) My Memoirs, Vol. History dictionary of Schopenhauer's philosophy. Hegel began to suffer from melancholia and, to cure himself, worked harder than ever, especially at Greek philosophy and modern history arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide and politics. Intellectuals like Oliver James correlate economic progress with economic inequality, the stimulation of artificial needs, and affluenza. 167 Dienstag 2009,. Wikipedia Alle porte d'Italia (Italian) (as Author) Constantinople,.

See: Conklin, Nathaniel, Mrs., Drinkwater, arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide John Elliot See: Bethune, John Elliot Drinkwater, Droch See: Bridges, Robert,. 1, philosophical pessimism is the related idea that views the world in a strictly anti-optimistic fashion. Wikipedia See also: Johnson, Charles An American Robinson Crusoe (English) (as Author) And What if the Pretender should Come? (English) (as Illustrator) The Weaker Vessel Night Watches, Part. Camus believed that people often escape facing the absurd through "eluding" ( l'esquive a 'trickery' for "those who live not for life itself but some great idea that will transcend it, refine it, give it a meaning, and betray it". In their attacks on Voltaire, the Jesuits of the. Giacomo Leopardi edit Though a lesser known figure outside Italy, Giacomo Leopardi was highly influential in the 19th century, especially for Schopenhauer and Nietzsche. As spirit, humans can receive this revelation. 07 (of 10) Tribolo to Il Sodoma (English) (as Translator) Lives of the most Eminent Painters Sculptors and Architects, Vol. De (Régis De Chastenay, Madame, (Victorine) See: Chastenay, Madame de (Victorine De Chateaubriand, François-René See: Chateaubriand, François-René, vicomte de, De Châteauneuf, Alexis See: Châteauneuf, Alexis de, De Choisy, François-Timoléon See: Choisy, abbé de, Deck, Amy Catherine See: Walton,.

The Myth of Sisyphus essay by Camus

For Nietzsche this was a "pessimism of the future a " Dionysian pessimism." 32 Nietzsche identified his Dionysian pessimism with what he saw as the pessimism of the Greek pre-socratics and also saw it at the core of ancient Greek tragedy. (English) (as Illustrator) Easy Money Night Watches, Part. IX (Spanish) (as Author) El Canto Errante Obras Completas Vol. 2 (of 2) (English) (as Author) Reprinted Pieces (English) (as Author) Reprinted Pieces (English) (as Author) Sanoma merell? (Finnish) (as Author) Scenes and Characters from the Works of Charles Dickens Being Eight Hundred and Sixty-six Pictures Printed from the Original. Similarly, traditionalist Julius Evola thought that the world was in the Kali Yuga, a dark age of moral decline. Gailly See: Gailly de Taurines,., De Tavera,. Citation needed Political pessimism has sometimes found expression in dystopian novels such as George Orwell 's Nineteen Eighty-Four. De De Villehardouin, Geoffroi See: Villehardouin, Geoffroi de? (Alice Boucher) Doren, Carl Van See: Van Doren, Carl, D'Orl?ans, Charles See: Charles, d'Orl?ans, D'Orl?ans, Fran?oise See: Whiteley, Opal Stanley D'Orl?ans, prince de Joinville See: Joinville, d'Orl?ans, prince de, Dorothea, Duchess of Sagan See: Dino, Doroth?e, duchesse de, Thomas, Caroline.

This is one of Hegels most remarkable works. Schopenhauer never used the term pessimism to describe his philosophy but he also didn't object when others called it that. It is unlike any state existing in Hegels day; it is a form of limited monarchy, with parliamentary government, trial by jury, and toleration for Jews and dissenters. Legal edit Bibas writes that some criminal defense attorneys prefer to err on the side of pessimism: "Optimistic forecasts risk being proven disastrously wrong at trial, an embarrassing result that makes clients angry. Hegels system is monistic in having a single theme: what makes the universe intelligible is to see it as the eternal cyclical process whereby Absolute Spirit comes to knowledge of itself as spirit (1) through its own thinking, (2) through. Jesus taught something entirely different. 5 (of 5) (English) (as Illustrator) Dunkerley, William Arthur See: Oxenham, John, Andr? (English) (as Author) Dunn, Elsie See: Scott, Evelyn, Du Picq, arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide Charles Jean Jacques Joseph Ardant See: Ardant du Picq, Charles Jean Jacques Joseph, Dupin, Amandine-Aurore-Lucile See: Sand, George, Du Plessis-Gouret. See: Desnoyers, Louis, Derwent Conway See: Inglis, Henry. In this sense it could be said that the pessimist views history as ironic; while seemingly getting better, it is mostly in fact not improving at all, or getting worse. 06, April 1878 Scribner's Illustrated (English) (as Editor). Christian evangelism, of course, was soon, after the Great Mutiny of, renounced as any part of official British policy in India. Berlioz d' (Jules Berlioz 1820- Salta (Spanish) (as Author) Davenport, Gertrude Mary See: Paul, Cedar, Da Verona, Guido See: Verona, Guido da, D'Avezac,. (English) (as Author) An Appeal to Honour and Justice, Though It Be of His Worst Enemies.

Browse By Author: D - Project Gutenberg

(French) (as Author) Dio Cassius Cocceianus See: Cassius Dio Cocceianus Siculus, Diodorus Arguments of Celsus, Porphyry, and the Emperor Julian, Against the Christians Also Extracts from Diodorus Siculus, Josephus, and Tacitus, Relating to the Jews, Together with an Appendix. A Collection of Facts and Opinions, Descriptive of Early Prints and Playing Cards, the Block-Books of the Fifteenth Century, the Legend of Lourens Janszoon Coster, of Haarlem, and the Work of John Gutenberg and His Associates (English) (as Author) Devi. In effect, any conceivable intertemporal allocation of the stock will inevitably end up with universal economic decline at some future point. Personality Plus opines that pessimistic temperaments (e.g. V (Spanish) (as Author) Peregrinaciones Obras Completas Vol.

1/3 (French) (as Editor) Un Cadet de Famille,. IV (Spanish) (as Author) Cabezas: Pensadores y Artistas, Polticos Obras Completas Vol. Criticisms of this sort however assume that pessimism leads inevitably to a mood of darkness and utter depression. (Choderlos) See: Laclos, Choderlos de, De La Coudraye, chevalier See: La Coudraye, chevalier de, 1750?-1815 De la Cuesta, Felipe Arroyo See: Arroyo de la Cuesta, Felipe, -1842 De Lad?bat, Andr?-Daniel Laffon See: Laffon de Lad?bat, Andr?-Daniel, De la Faverie. On the other hand, he criticized the school of Friedrich Schleiermacher, who elevated feeling to a place in religion above systematic theology. A Tale of Druid Gaul (English) (as Translator) The Infant's Skull; Or, The End of the World. 1 (of 2) "Freely Translated into German from the English of Sir Walter Scott." And Now Freely Translated from the German into English. In his middle way, Hegel attempted to show that the dogmatic creed is the rational development of what was implicit in religious feeling. 1 of 2 Including the Biography of the Poet; criticisms on his genius and writings; a new chronology of his plays; a disquisition on the on the object of his sonnets; and a history of the manners, customs, and amusements, superstitions. 181 Dienstag 2009,. Pereira (Joo Manuel Pereira) See: Silva,.

History of Philosophy - Friesian School

XVI (Spanish) (as Author) Cantos de Vida y arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide Esperanza, Los Cisnes y otros poemas. University professor This work, in which his system was first presented in what was essentially its ultimate shape, earned him the offer of professorships at Erlangen, at Berlin, and at Heidelberg. 26 Nevertheless, it was viewed with disdain by the other popular philosophies at the time, such as Hegelianism, materialism, neo-Kantianism and the emerging positivism. (English) (as Author) Memoirs of Major Alexander Ramkins (1718) (English) (as Author) Military Memoirs of Capt. In 1831 cholera entered Germany. In humanity nature rises to self-consciousness. Lawrence; Or, The Lost Channel (English) (as Illustrator) Ticonderoga: A Story of Early Frontier Life in the Mohawk Valley (English) (as Illustrator) With the Swamp Fox: A Story of General Marion's Young Spies (English) (as Illustrator) Cricket (English) (as Illustrator) Davison, Lawrence. Douwes Setiabuddhi, Danudirdja Setyabuddhi,. 12 (English) (as Editor). X (Spanish) (as Author) Parisiana Obras Completas, Vol. 19 Dienstag 2009,.

A more radical form of environmental pessimism is anarcho-primitivism which faults the agricultural revolution with giving rise to social stratification, arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide coercion, and alienation. 1 Conservative thinkers, especially social conservatives, often perceive politics in a generally pessimistic way. As Cioran states, "every step forward is followed by a step back: this is the unfruitful oscillation of history". D'Haussonville, comte See: Haussonville, comte d D'Hauterive, Pierre Joseph Borel See: Borel, Pétrus, D'Hautpoul, Anne Marie Beaufort, comtesse See: Beaufort dHautpoul, Anne Marie, comtesse de, D'Héricourt, Jenny. Hegel (1770-1831) 121.0K Hegel's Method at its Origin Robert Solomon's In the Spirit of Hegel, A Study.W.F. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, (born, august 27, 1770, Stuttgart, Württemberg Germanydied November 14, 1831, Berlin German philosopher who developed a dialectical scheme that emphasized the progress of history and of ideas from thesis to antithesis and thence to a synthesis. (Agnes Mary Frances Da Rocha, Pinto See: Pinto da Rocha, -1930 Darragh,. Social conservatives often see the West as a decadent and nihilistic civilization which has abandoned its roots in Christianity and/or Greek philosophy, leaving it doomed to fall into moral and political decay.

The 100 Greatest Mathematicians

Bertrand Russell, both pioneering figures in British analytic philosophy as in his positive impact. There Hegel inspired confidence in his pupils and maintained discipline without pedantic interference in their associations and sports. Categories appear in it as its essential structure, and it is the task of the philosophy of nature to detect that structure and its dialectic; but nature, as the realm of externality, cannot be rational through and through, though the rationality. 31 Friedrich Nietzsche edit Friedrich Nietzsche could be said to be a arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide philosophical pessimist even though unlike Schopenhauer (whom he read avidly) his response to the 'tragic' pessimistic view is neither resigned nor self-denying, but a life-affirming form of pessimism. While many organisms live in the present, humans and certain species of animals can contemplate the past and future, and this is an important difference. Pessimism turns the idea on its head, it faults the human freedom to reason as the feature that misaligned humanity from our world and sees it as the root of human unhappiness. Anti-consumerists identify rising trends of conspicuous consumption and self-interested, image-conscious behavior in culture.

Wikipedia Castili en Andalusi De Aarde en haar Volken, 1909 (Dutch) (as Author) Perzi, Chaldea en Susiane De Aarde en haar Volken, (Dutch) (as Author) Van Toledo naar Granada De Aarde en haar Volken, 1906 (Dutch) (as Author). 5 of arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide 6 (English) (as Editor) Luther, vol. See: Cunha, Xavier da, d'Agen, Augustin Boyer, see: Boyer d'Agen, Augustin. 1, (English) (as Author) The Letters of Charles Dickens Vol. How could he have failed to see that consciousness changes only its forms and modalities, but never progresses?" 41 Philosophical pessimism is differentiated from other political philosophies by having no ideal governmental structure or political project, rather pessimism generally. Archived from the original (PDF contains only the title and contents pages of the book). Schopenhauer, Arthur, The world as will and representation, pg 312 Schopenhauer, Arthur, The world as will and representation, vol II, pg 635 Cartwright, David. Mind Here Hegel follows the development of the human mind through the subconscious, consciousness, and the rational will; then through human institutions and human history as the embodiment or objectification of that will; and finally to art, religion, and philosophy.

Rousseau saw the movement out of the state of nature as the origin of inequality and mankind's lack of freedom. De, De Ville d'Avray,. Choleric and sanguine ) miss. According to Leopardi, because of our conscious sense of time and our endless search for truth, the human desire for happiness can never be truly satiated and joy cannot last. Therefore, care is in order when comparing the meaning of the metaphysics of Plato and Aristotle with its significance for their attitudes towards ethics, politics, and science. Three courses of lectures are especially the product of his Berlin period: those on aesthetics, on the philosophy of religion, and on the philosophy of history.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Biography, Books, & Facts

Psychologists trace pessimistic attitudes to emotional pain or even biology. In January 1801 he arrived in Jena, where Schelling had been a professor since 1798. The world as will and representation, pg 319 Schopenhauer notes that once satiated, the feeling of satisfaction rarely lasts and we spend most of our lives in a state of endless striving, in this sense, we are, deep down nothing but Will. Fred Blake, University of Hawai'i Press, 2011.7KThe Essential Anti-Communist Bibliography 102.3K Friederich Nietzsche (1844-1900) 103.2K Nietzsche Index Translating Nietzsche the Grammar of Niezsche's StatementMore on Translating Nietzsche.5K Robert Solomon on NietzscheAestheticism and Moral Aestheticism in Nietzsche's. (English) (as Illustrator) Keeping Watch Night Watches, Part. 'Entropy pessimism' represents a special case of technological and environmental pessimism, based on thermodynamic principles. D' (Marie arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide Armand Pascal Davidson, Marion See: Garis, Howard Roger, Davies, Maurice Mystic London; or, Phases of occult life in the metropolis (English) (as Author) Prefaces to Four Seventeenth-Century Romances Roger Boyle, Lord Broghill, preface to Parthenissa (1655) Sir George Mackenzie. Fortia (Alphonse Fortia comte See: Fortia de Piles,. Peter's Mother (English) (as Author) De Lara,.

On the one hand, he turned his weapons against the rationalistic school, which reduced religion to the modicum compatible with an ordinary worldly mind. Kertomuksia (Finnish) (as Author) Kauhun laakso 1: Murhen?ytelm? Birlstonen kartanossa (Finnish) (as Author) Kauhun laakso 2: Salaseuralaiset (Finnish) (as Author) The Last Galley; Impressions and Tales (English) (as Author) The Last of the Legions and Other Tales. Bierens (David Bierens) See: Haan,. The philosophical pessimist does not deny that certain areas like science can "progress" but they deny that this has resulted in an overall improvement of the human condition. Humans are not to be the slaves of objective commands: the law is made for them. In the latter connection he enlarged on several points in which England had done less than many continental states for the abolition of monopolies and abuses. It is possible to form an idea of them from the shape in which they appear in his published writings. 1 With a Preface and Annotations by James Hogg (English) (as Author) The Uncollected Writings of Thomas de Quincey, Vol. Volume 04 (English) (as Author) The Works of John Dryden, now first collected in eighteen volumes. This article treats Hegels life, thought, and influence. Buckley famously remarked that he was "standing athwart history yelling 'stop! Xiii, September, 1886,.

Idea of Progress and religious faith ) which may lead to undesirable outcomes. 38 Albert Camus edit Camus used the punishment of Sisyphus to represent the human condition. Dudevant, Jean-François-Maurice-Arnauld See: Sand, Maurice, Dudley Tennant, Charles See: Tennant,. Eternal truths, the gods, the heavens, and God. Conservatives and revolutionaries, believers and atheists alike have professed to draw inspiration from him.

Michel Houellebecq: Prophet or Troll?

(English) (as Author) "Their arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide Majesties' Servants." Annals of the English Stage (Volume 1 of 3) (English) (as Author) "Their Majesties' Servants." Annals of the English Stage (Volume 2 of 3) (English) (as Author) "Their Majesties' Servants." Annals. Silveira See: Silveira da Mota,. Candide, ou l'Optimisme '. There is also the constant dread of death on the horizon to consider, which makes human life worse than animals. VI, 1832 to 1833 (English) (as Author) Neiti de Taverney: Historiallinen romaani Ludvig XV:n hovista (Finnish) (as Author) Nisida Celebrated Crimes (English) (as Author) The Prussian Terror (English) (as Author) Les Quarante-Cinq Tome 1 (French) (as Author) Les Quarante-Cinq. They let people assume they are revealing everything which proves to be an effective way of hiding. Van See: Van Doren, Alice.

But, to be sure, it complicates the facile dualism upon which Herman's narrative relies. The lectures on the philosophy of religion are another application of his method, and shortly before his death he had prepared for the press a course of lectures on the proofs for the existence of God. Later, in 1804, with a class of about 30, he lectured on his whole system, gradually working it out as he taught. Nicholas Magazine for Boys and Girls, Vol. Because of this, modern man lives "always outside himself concerned with other men, the future and external objects. Wikipedia A Select Collection of Old English Plays, Volume 01 (English) (as Compiler) A Select Collection of Old English Plays, Volume 02 (English) (as Compiler) A Select Collection of Old English Plays, Volume 05 (English) (as Editor) A Select. Dudley (Charles Dudley The Amphibians and Reptiles of Michoac?n, M?xico (English) (as Author) Amphibians and Reptiles of the Rainforests of Southern El Pet?n, Guatemala (English) (as Author) Descriptions of New Hylid Frogs From Mexico and Central America (English) (as. Some followers tend to believe that "expecting the worst leads to the best." Rene Descartes even believed that life was better if emotional reactions to "negative" events were removed. Norton Company, 2003.6KCriticism of Karl Popper in Anthony O'Hear's An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, Oxford University Press, 1989.9KPopper on the A Priori, by David Samra, 2009.7K Ayn Rand (1905-1982) arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide 102.3K Huemer. Pereira da (Joo Manuel Pereira Da Silva Pinto, Antonio See: Silva Pinto, Antonio da, Silva, Venancio da Parizina (Esperanto) (as Translator) Daskam, Josephine Dodge See: Bacon, Josephine Daskam, Datta, Madhusudan See: Dutt, Michael Madhusudan, Datta, Romesh Chandra See: Dutt, Romesh.

My personality essay - Custom Writing Help Advantageous

40 He considered suicide and religion as inauthentic forms of eluding or escaping the problem of existence. Rhys (Thomas William Rhys) See: Davids,. See: Dircks, Sara Hay Goddard. 3 (English) (as Editor). 2 of 6 (English) (as Editor) Luther, vol. 62, with Tod Lindberg's response.2K Foundationalism and Hermeneutics.6K Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913) Philosophical Vienna 434.0K Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) 123.4K Peter Hacker's WittgensteinRoger Scruton's Wittgenstein Kant's "Attack on the Noumenon" Gödel's Proof and Wittgenstein Anscombe. 2 (English) (as Editor) Curiosities of Literature, Vol. But nature arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide is created by spirit and bears the mark of its creator.

8 The idea that rational thought would lead to human flourishing can be traced to Socrates and is at the root of most forms of western optimistic arthur schopenhauer essay on suicide philosophies. Simonde de (Jean-Charles-Leonard Simonde Des Mesnils,. Logic The system begins with an account of Gods thinking before the creation of nature and finite spiriti. The compendium of Hegels system, the Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, is in three parts: Logic, Nature, and Mind. (Jacob.) See: Liefde,. Some historians have found its key in the operation of natural laws of various kinds. Irvine argues is 'the single most valuable technique in the Stoics' toolkit'. Wikipedia An essay in defence of the female sex In which are inserted the characters of a pedant, a squire, a beau, a vertuoso, a poetaster, a city-critick,. See: Faduma, Orishatukeh, -1946 D'Avray,. Even the moments of satisfaction, when repeated often enough, only lead to boredom and thus human existence is constantly swinging "like a pendulum to and fro between pain and boredom, and these two are in fact its ultimate constituents". (Willem) See: Veer,.