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Essays on human rights day

essays on human rights day

55 of the united Nations Charter (1945) provides that the world body shall promote universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedom for all. In a broader sense, the human rights are those rights to which every man and woman inhabiting any part of the world should be deemed entitled by virtue of having been born a human being (Kashyap). Retrieved 9 December 2015. These organizations take steps to protect these rights. In the Golbarga society case, 39 people including Ex-MP. 9 Past observances edit essays on human rights day Year Actions 1979 Shih Ming-teh organized a human rights campaign in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Retrieved Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (ohchr). Right to Nationality and Freedom to Change. The cases of violation of human rights in India are exhaustive plenty as well as repetitive. Governments of different countries and many non-government organizations have also been formed to monitor and protect these rights. In a simple language, human rights are meant for human beings to satisfy their basic needs.

Long and Short, essay on, human, rights in english for Children and Students

Right to Marriage and Family, right to Education, essays on human rights day right to Own Property. Right to Social Security, right to Desirable Work and to Join Trade Unions. It also asks the CBI to investigate and report. Approach the Supreme Court or High Court for appropriate direction. The nhrc has knocked the door of the Supreme Court as it felt that Bakery case judgement by a fast track court had resulted in erosion of Peoples in the justice delivery system and it is left to the Supreme. Former Chief Justice Honbe Shri.S. By judicial-monitoring of State-run Institutions like Jails, Reformatory homes, juvenile homes, mental asylums, Police Station and the like.

The Part IV captioned Directive Principles of State Policy also ensure Socio-economic justice and rights. "Inequality is fuelling rights violations, UN warns govt", 10 December 2008. Violation of Human Rights While every human being is entitled to human rights, these rights are often violated. In an interesting coincidence, former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, known for human rights violations committed during his authoritarian rule, died of a heart attack on 10 December 2006, at the age. Known to be universal, these rights are guarded by the law.

Every person has the freedom of thought and conscience. United Nations Postal Administration in 1952, received approximately 200,000 advance orders. The nhrc has also several ex-officio members like the Chairpersons of the National Commission for SCs and STs, chairperson of the National Commission for Women and the Chairperson of the National Commission for Minorities whose services are also effectively utilized in the common interest. Man is gregarious and he loves staying together. My Voice Counts slogan was seen in the occupy movement around the world in protest of economic, political and social inequality.

Essay on, human, rights, your Article Library

South African Human Rights Commission. In most cases, its role is one of the Post Offices, asking the Central or State Governments to investigate into complaints of human rights violation so received and to inform the Commission about the actions taken. It has taken several forms, such as: murder, rape, prostitution, child and bonded labour, riot-victimisation, sexual harassment, domestic violence, Custodial violence, Political violence, terrorist attack, communal violence leading to loss of lives and property unemployment, poverty, illiteracy, ethinic hatred, genocide. However, this right comes with certain limitations such as obscenity, slur and crime provocation. The Honble Supreme Court in a 3-judges Bench, headed by Chief- Justice.N. Justice ability: These rights are also justiciable. It is almost inhuman to deprive a person of these basic rights. "International Human Rights Day Marks Progress and Setbacks". The doctrine of human rights is one of the main concepts which are created to protect every single human being not independently from the race, nationality or other differences.

A few other documents have also supplemented the undhr and those are: (1) International convention on prevention of Punishment on crimes of Genocide (1948 (2) Supplementary convention on abolition of slavery, Slave trade, institutes and practices (1956 essays on human rights day (3) Convention. 1948 enumerates some of these basic rights of man. In some counties political and civil rights are not given or guaranteed to all its citizens. There is also a third one the Optional Protocol to the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights on the basis of which an aggrieved person is entitled to enjoy the right to appeal. This is popularly known as Public Interest Litigation (PIL) or Social Action Litigation (SAL) or Social Interest Litigation (SIL). Archived from the original on 9 December 2006. They also protest against inhumane practices. THE UN and Human Rights : Art.

Essay on, world, human, rights, day - December 10 Complete, essay for Class

The rights and the freedoms of the citizens, and also their duties are an important social and political institution. Human rights are a set of rights that are given to every human being regardless of his/her gender, caste, creed, religion, nation, location or economic status. Human rights are held by all human beings and human rights exist as long as human beings exist. These are the right to work, right to live with dignity, right to rest and leisure, right to education, equal pay for equal work, right to equality, etc. This right is protected by law.

Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion. Khare has converted the SLP of the nhrc to a PIL petition and has asked the Narendra Modi Government in Gujarat to submit within two weeks details of the statement made by the witnesses in the Bakery case, both. Citation needed See also edit References edit United Nations General Assembly Session 5 Resolution 423(V). However, these are still practised illegally in some parts of the world. These organizations work towards spreading awareness essays on human rights day about the human rights so that people are well informed about the rights they have. United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights and, nobel Peace Prize are awarded. Today, violation of human rights is seriously taken note of by international bodies and by champions of democracy.

Human, rights, day - Wikipedia

The High Commissioner for Human Rights, as the main United Nations rights official, and his Office play a major role in coordinating efforts for the yearly observation of Human Rights Day: Today, poverty prevails as the gravest human rights challenge in the world. Advertisements: Rights under the first category include right to fulfillment of basic human needs like food, shelter, clothing, health and sanitation, earning ones live-hood and the like. Freedom from Torture As per the international law, every individual has the right to freedom from torture. However, unfortunately many a times these are violated by states, individuals or groups. Right to Asylum in Other Countries from Persecution. Basic human rights include the right to life, right to fair trial, right to remedy by competent tribunal, right to liberty and personal security, right to own property, right to education, right of peaceful assembly and association, right. Two Broad Categories of Human Rights Existing Under undhr : The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has guaranteed two broad categories of rights such as: (1) Civil and Political Rights (2) Socio-economic and Cultural Rights. Combating poverty, deprivation and exclusion is not a matter of charity, and it does not depend on how rich a country.

The details are given below:. Seats in the Union and States Legislatures have been kept reserved for the and STs. But here the two relevant questions arose: (a) How to protect human rights from violation? National Human Rights Commission (nhrc) in India : In pursuance of the protection of the Human Rights Act, 1993, Indias first National Human Rights Commission was constituted on 29 September 1993, with Honble Shri Ranganath Misra, the. 25 2015 The theme for 2015 is "Our Rights, Our Freedoms, Always." 3 2016 The theme for 2016 is "Stand up for someone's rights today!" 26 2017 The theme for 2017 is "Let's stand up for equality, justice. 5, when the General Assembly adopted the Declaration, with 48 states in favour and eight abstentions, it was proclaimed as a "common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations towards which individuals and societies should "strive by progressive measures. Countries, particularly the democratic countries, must stand together in this respect and take necessary persuasive and even coercive actions, to see that these fundamental human rights are adhered to by people, organisations and countries all over the world. Human rights are those rights which are fundamental for living and for normal human existence. "Human Rights Day, Bill of Rights Day, and Human Rights Week, 2008" (PDF). While these rights are protected by law, many of these are still violated by people for different reasons. However, the concept differed in the earlier times.

Essay on, human, rights

One is known as the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (icescr) and the other one is known as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (iccpr). Here is a detailed look at the basic human rights given to every individual: Right to Life Every human being on earth has the right to live. It has to depend on other agencies like the Supreme Court or High Courts, or concerned Central and State Governments to enforce its recommendation. SM Patnaik has been taken as one of its members. "Human Rights Day: Best"s By Famous Personalities to Mark UN Day". (a) To intervene in a judicial proceeding involving allegations of human rights violation: (iii) To promote research on human rights (iv) To spread human rights literacy (v) To encourage social activism (vi) To review existing human rights laws (vii) To recommend.

Human, rights, day 10 December

Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Exile. Though protected by law, many of these rights are violated by people and even by the state. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights essay. They are based on the concept that every man and woman, irrespective of caste, creed, colour, race and nationality is born with certain fundamental rights such as, right to live, speech, freedom, justice, etc. Human Rights in the Twentieth Century. The problem of human rights is that people and countries have a different understanding of the term and its protection. The Commission further observed that whenever a criminal goes unpunished, it is the Society, at large, which suffers because the victims become demoralized and criminals are encouraged. Right to Fair Public Hearing, freedom of Movement, freedom from Interference with Privacy, Family, Home and Correspondence. The formal establishment of Human Rights Day occurred at the 317th Plenary Meeting of the. The Chairperson and other members of the Commission shall hold office for a period of five years or till they attain the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier. (The TOI, August 9, 2003). The Commission has prayed the Apex Court for unearthing the truth and rendering justice so that criminals are punished.

The contention of essays on human rights day the nhrc (stated in the SLP) was that the concept of fair trial is a constitutional imperative and is explicitly recognised as such in the specific provisions of the Constitution. Right to Fair Trial, every person has the right to fair trial by an impartial court. The highlights of the objectives of the undhr have been stated in the opening line of the Declaration which reads as follows: Recognition of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation. Declaration of Human Rights Essay, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1948. The Commission can summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses, receive evidences on affidavits, requisition any public record, produce any document and issue Commissions for examination of any witness. One can not stay without the other. After several modifications in the draft, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (udhr) was finally adopted unanimously on 10 December, 1948 by 48 member-states (with the abstention of eight states including the then Soviet block nations. Since 1980s there has evolved a novel type of mechanism for the protection of human rights of the poor, distressed, exploited and the disadvantaged groups of people.

Essay, about, human, rights : Rights, and Freedoms

Retrieved Office of the High Commission for Human Rights (2009). The nhrc visited Vadodara after the judgement in the Best Bakery Case was delivered acquitting 21 people, accused of burning a live 14 people in Vadodara on March 1, 2002, as 41 witnesses had turned hostile and no substantial evidence. The Supreme Court of India with liberal interpretation and through the literal use of the.I.L. The violation of these rights occurs when actions by state ignore, deny or abuse these rights. In brief, every individual has been ensured of a dignified living free from brutality. Civil and Political Rights include the following: (i) Right to life, liberty and security of persons (ii) Right to freedom from slavery and servitude (iii) Right to freedom from inhuman torture or punishment (iv) Right, without decimation, to Equality. Art 15(4 Art 16(4) and Art 335 deal with reservation of seats for admission into educational institutions and reservation of posts for appointment to different services for the and.Ts as a mechanism to ensure and secure social economic justice.

Government is taking measures to monitor these abuses with help from certain non-government organizations. It is usually subject to certain limitations such as obscenity, defamation and provocation for violence or crime, etc. Archived from the original on 12 December 2001. (v) Right to food, health and adequate standard of living. Fourthly, the Supreme Court and the High Courts have made significant contributions, (through their directives issued to the Governments in PIL matters) in addressing public grievances against violation of human rights caused by acts of State-arbitrariness and Government excess. Civil and Political Rights Also known as classic rights, these limit the governments power in respect of actions impacting individuals autonomy. An extract from the document agreed upon in the Vienna Conference is given below for reference: All human beings are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated. You can choose any Human Rights essay as per your need and requirement: Human Rights Essay 1 (200 words). In conformity with the udhr, the Constitution of India, in Part III, provides for sue types of Fundamental Rights ensuring equality, justice and freedom to all citizens of India. It has five members, of whom one must be a judge of the Supreme Court, another must be a Chief Justice of a State High Court, and two others must be chosen from among persons having knowledge of or practical. (iii) Right to marry and have family and right to property.

Freedom of Movement This means that every individual has the right to travel, live, work or study in any part of the state he resides. In the mean time, the State Government has also gone on appeal to the Gujarat High Court in the Best Bakery Case. The human rights movement has always a brighter prospect if the people of India are assured by their right to information. Conclusion Human Rights, the basic rights given to individuals on the account of them being human beings, are almost the same everywhere. Retrieved 9 December 2008. Unlike Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and John Locke (1632-1704) talked of partial surrender of a few natural rights; Rights like right to life, liberty and property were never to be given up as those were inalienable rights. These are meant for all individuals of all nations, without there being any discrimination on grounds of caste, class, colour, sex, creed, language and religion. South Africa and Saudi Arabia). The answer is always in the positive and the supporting argument is that the treatment of a State towards her citizens is no more private and it is the just and rational concern of the International Community. In pursuance of the UNS Charter, which provided for setting up of a Commission for promotion of human rights, a Commission, headed by Mrs. "The History of Human Rights Day".

Human rights essays : examples, topics, questions, thesis statement

In Hoffmann, Stefan-Ludwig (ed.). (2) Observance and safeguarding of these criteria including contractual obligations and. For instance, freedom from torture is often violated by the state during interrogations. Conclusion Human rights are the basic rights given to every individual. The idea of human rights has been there for much of the human history. Problems of refugees and emigrants and Kidnap victimization. "human rights DAY 2013". The Sardarpura Case relates to the asphyxiated death of 33 people in a room in Sardarpura Village in Mehsana distinct. Every person is entitled to the right of not being killed by another person. "International Human Rights Day marked in Russia" Archived t the Wayback Machine, itar-tass, 10 December 2008.

These rights essays on human rights day are inherent in every human being irrespective of his/her gender, culture, religion, nation, location, caste, creed or economic status. The President appoints the Chairperson and other members of the commission on the recommendation of a multi- member body comprising the Chief Justice of India, the Prime Minister, Home Minister, the speaker of the Lok Sabha, Leader. A retired State Chief Secretary. Like no other person she knew that black people have the same rights along with other people and there is now reason for them to stay in poverty and is caused her to become a fighter for. Every individual has the right to social security. In other words, human rights are those rights which are essential for a dignified and a decent human living as well as human existence and adequate development of human personality. The United Nations committees are set up to keep a check on human rights abuses. The powers to enforce human rights are weak and thus, of no use. Image Source: t, advertisements: Nevertheless, many types of discrimination and violation of human rights are seen in different parts of the world. Human rights are those rights that every person on this earth is entitled to merely on account of being a human being. Poverty eradication is an achievable goal.